Amazon Forest- Lungs of our Planet

In this article the following things will be covered :

  1. Where Amazon Forest is located?
  2. Description of geographical parameters
  3. Why it is called Lungs of our Planet?
  4. The climate of Amazon-forest.
  5. Why it is called Rain-forest.
  6. Reason for the forest fire.
  7. How will this forest fire impact on the environment?
  8. What are the necessary actions?

Location of Amazon Forest

  • Countries of South America are : Brazil,Peru,Colombia,Venezuela,Ecuador,Bolivia,Guyana,Suriname,French Guiana.
  • The majority of the forest i.e 60% is situated in Brazil.
  • 13% of the forest is situated in Peru.
  • 10% of the forest is situated in Colombia.
  • The balance of 17% is situated in the rest of the countries.

Geographical Parameters

  • Area: 5500000 square km.
  • No. of trees: 390 billion
  • No. of species: 16,000
  • Age: 55 million years
  • Dust which enhances fertilization: 56% comes from the Sahara Desert
  • Dust contains phosphorus which enhances plant growth.
  • Age of human life in the Amazon area: 11200 years

The specialty at Amazon Forest

  • There are more than 1300 species of birds, 430 numbers of species of mammals, 380 numbers of species of reptiles and more than 400 numbers of species of amphibians.
  • River Amazon is the largest by discharge volume of water in the world.

Why is it called Lungs of Our Planet

  • The function of Lungs in the human body is to take oxygen from the environment and to circulate it to the bloodstream.
  • The function of the Amazon forest is to supply oxygen and to circulate it to the environment. The carbon-di-oxide, toxins are absorbed by this forest.
  • The area of this forest is too large that it can supply half of the total requirement of oxygen in the world. This is the reason, it is called Lungs of our Planet.

The climate of the Amazon Forest

  • It is located near the Equator.
  • Very hot climate with high humidity.
  • Average temperature is 27 Degree Celsius.
  • Season: one season exists i.e Monsoon
  • Months for maximum rain: December to March
  • Rainfall from December to March: 60 to 180 inches
  • Rainfall during other months: 30 to 100 inches

Why is it called Rain-Forest

  • The distance between the Amazon River and the Amazon Forest is 137 km.
  • The drainage portion of the Amazon river is known as the Amazon Basin.
  • The area of the Amazon Basin is 63,00,000 square Km.
  • Most of the basin is covered by Amazon Forest is known as Amazonia.
  • The Atlantic Ocean provides a moist climate to the Amazon Basin.
  • Due to the large basin, humid climate and tropical location, air near the ground becomes hot and rises. It forms clouds. When it reaches the condensation points, rain occurs. Due to heavy rainfall, it is known as Amazon Rain-forest.

Reason of the forest fire

  • Deforestation.
  • Construction of Trans-Amazonian Highway.
  • Construction of Roads within the forest.
  • Severe drought experienced by the forest in 2005 and 2010.
  • Temperature rise.
  • The number of rainfall has been decreased.
  • Stems of the trees have become dry.

How will this forest fire impact on the environment?

  • The amount of oxygen is decreasing gradually.
  • The efficiency of the lungs of the environment is decreasing.
  • The amount of carbon dioxide is increasing in the environment.
  • One day, when the lungs will not be able to work properly, the environment will suffer from cancer.

What are the necessary actions after controlling the situation.

  • No more development should be done by human beings in the Amazon forest.
  • Let the forest be in its way.
  • People should help the forest to grow and develop again.
  • People in the forest should move somewhere else after planting a lot of trees.
  • A lot of trees should be planted in other areas across the world.

References: Wikipedia
Pictures: From google

Thank you for reading. Let us make a beautiful world together. God Bless.